Protective effect of extract of Boerhaavia diffusa and Silybum marianum in combination against fructose induced non‑alcoholic fatty liver in rats

Sachin Jain, Kamna S. Tripathi, Gaurav Parihar, Praveen Sharma, Aakash Singh Panwar


Aim: The present study was undertaken with a view to validate the traditional use of Boerhaavia diffusa (BEE) root and Silybum marianum (SME) seeds in combination as a hepatoprotective agent against non‑alcoholic fatty liver disease. Materials and Methods: The alcoholic extracts of BEE roots (150 mg/kg, p.o.) and SME (150 mg/kg, p.o.) seeds were administered to the experimental rats individually and in combination (75 mg/kg + 75 mg/kg), p.o. by dispersing it in 1% tween 80, were given, of different groups respectively. After intoxication with
high fructose diet (HFD) fructose solution to the animals orally for 6 weeks serum levels of various enzymes were recorded. Serum levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine amino transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TB), total protein and cholesterol (CHO) level were assessed. Results: BEE roots and SME seeds extracts exhibited a significant hepatoprotective effect as evident from the decreases of serum AST, ALT, ALP, TB and CHO and increases in levels of TP compared with control group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05).
The effect of combination of both the extract exerts more hepatoprotective as revealed by more level of significance. Conclusions: The present finding suggests that the hepatoprotective effect of BEE roots and SME seeds extract.
Key words: Boerhaavia diffusa, fructose, hepatoprotective, non‑alcoholic fatty liver, silybum marianum

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