Pharmacognostical evaluation of Acacia catechu willd. heartwood with special reference to tyloses

Kinnari Dhruve, C. R. Harisha, P. K. Prajapati

Abstract


Acacia catechu (L.) willd, commonly known as Khadira, is widely used in Ayurveda for the treatment of diseases. A detailed investigation of fresh and powder of heartwood of A. catechu was carried out. The diagnostic characters of heartwood of this plant includes tylosis formation, fibers with prism, fibers with scleroids, fragment of border pitted vessels, starch grains with hylem along with yellowish dark brown colouring matter, lignified fibers and fibers passing through medullary rays. Physicochemical studies revealed loss on drying (7.15%), total ash (2.8%), acid insoluble ash (0.04%), alcohol-soluble extractive (15.78%), water-soluble extractive (12.00%) and tannin content in raw drug is (08.28%). Quantitative microscopy includes tyloses, parenchyma length and circumferences. Preliminary analysis of various functional groups revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannin, saponins, carbohydrate, starch, steroid and proteins. The information generated by this particular study will provide relevant pharmacognostical and physicochemical data needed for
proper identification and authentication of heartwood of this particular species.
Key words: Acacia catechu, heart wood, pharmacognosy, tylosis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous. The wealth of India, Raw materials. Vol. 1A(Rev)

New Delhi: CSIR; 1985. p. 24-30.

Sharma PC, Yelne MB, Dennis TJ. Database on medicinal plants

used in Ayurved. Vol. 1. India: CCRAS, Department of ISM and H,

Ministry of Health and Family welfare, Government of India; 2000.

P. 216-24.

Gayatridevi V, John A, Shreekaladevi R, Prabhakaran VA.

Pharmacognostical studies on Acacia catechu willd and identification

of Antioxidant properties. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2011;3 Suppl

:108-11.

Ismail S, Asad M. Immunomodulatory activity of Acacia catechu.

Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2009;53:25-33.

Singh KN, Mittal RK, Barthwal KC. Hypoglycaemic activity of

Acacia catechu, Acacia suma, and Albizzia odoratissima seed diets in

normal albino rats. Indian J Med Res 1976;64:754-7.

Ray D, Sharatchandra KH, Thokchom IS. Antipyretic,

antidiarrhoeal, hypoglycaemic and Hepatoprotective activities

of ethyl acetate extract of Acacia catechu Willd. In albino rats. Indian

J Pharmacol 2006;38:408-13.

Jayasekhar P, Mohanan PV. Hepatoprotective activity of ethyl

acetate extract of Acacia catechu. Indian J Pharmacol 1997;29:426-8.

Wallis TE. Textbook of Pharmacognosy. 15th ed. London: Churchill

Publications; 1985. p. 572-82.

Anonymous, Pharmacopoeial Standards for Ayurvedic

formulations. New Delhi: CCRAS; 1987.

Kokate CK, Purohit AP, Gokhale SB. Pharmacognosy. United

States: CBS Publishers and Distributors; 2005. p. 169.

Chase CR Jr, Pratt R. Fluorescence of powdered vegetable

drugs with particular reference to development of a system of

Identification. J Am Pharm Assoc Am Pharm Assoc 1949;38:324-31

Wallis TE. Textbook of Pharmacognosy. 5th ed. New Delhi: CBS

Publishers and Distribitors Pvt. Ltd 1985. p. 55.

Eames AJ, Macdaniels LH. An Introduction to Plant Anatomy.

nd ed, 6th reprint. New Delhi: Tata Mcgraw-Hill Publishing

Company Ltd; 1984. p. 214.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v5i4.224

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.