Pongamia pinnata: Phytochemical constituents, Traditional uses and Pharmacological properties: A review

V.V. Chopade, A.N. Tankar, V.V. Pande, A.R. Tekade, N.M. Gowekar, S.R. Bhandari, S.N. Khandake


Many herbal remedies individually or in combination have been recommended in various medical treatises for the cure of diff erent diseases. Th e Pongamia pinnata, commonly known as ‘Karanj’, has been recognized in diff erent system of traditional medicines for the treatment of diff erent diseases and ailments of human beings. It contains several phytoconstituents belonging to category fl avonoids and fi xed oils. Th e fruits and sprouts of P. pinnata were used in folk remedies for abdominal tumours in India, the seeds for keloid tumours in Sri Lanka and a powder derived from the plant for tumours in Vietnam. In Sanskritic India, seeds were used for skin aliments. Today, the oil is used as a liniment for rheumatism. Leaves are active against Micrococcus; their juice is used for cold, cough,
diarrhoea, dyspepsia, fl atulence, gonorrhoea and leprosy. Roots are used for cleaning gums, teeth and ulcers. Bark is used internally for bleeding piles. Juices from the plant as well as oil are antiseptic. In the traditional systems of medicines, such as Ayurveda and Unani, the P. pinnata plant is used for anti-infl ammatory, anti-plasmodial, anti-nonciceptive, anti-hyperglycaemics, anti-lipidoxidative, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-ulcer, anti-hyperammonic and antioxidant. Its oil is a source of biodiesel. It has also alternative source of energy,
which is renewable, safe and non-pollutant.
Key words: Karanj, Pongamia pinnata, phytochemical constituents, traditional uses and pharmacological properties

Full Text:



Allen ON, Allen EK. The leguminosae. The University of Wisconsin

Press; 1981. p. 812.

Rangari VD. Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy, 1st ed. part 2nd,

Nashik: Career Publication; 2002. p. 259-61.

Shameel S, Usmanghani K, Ali MS. Chemical constituents

from seeds of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre. Pak J Pharm Sci


Li L, Li X, Shi C, Deng Z, Fu H, Proksch P, et al. Five ß avonoids from

the stems of a mangrove plant, Pongamia pinnata. Phytochemistry


Tanaka T, Iinuma M, Yuki K. Flavonoids in root bark of Pongamia

pinnata. Phytochemistry 1992;31:993-8.

Ghufran A, Prem P, Maurya R. Furanoß avonoid glycosides from

Pongamia pinnata fruits. Phytochemistry 2004;65:921-4.

Srinivasan K, Muruganandan S, Lal J. Evaluation of antiinflammatory

activity Of Pongamia pinnata leaves in rats.

J Ethnopharmacol 2001;78:151-7.

Simonsen HT, Nordskjold JB, Smitt UW. In vitro screening of Indian

Medicinal Plants for antiplasmodial activity. J Ethnopharmacol


Essa MM, Subramanian P. Pongamia pinnata modulates oxidant

and antioxidantimbalance in ammonium chloride induced hyper

ammonem. Fundaml Clin Pharmacol 2006;20:299-303.

Brij esh S, Daswani PG, Tetali P. Studies on Pongamia pinnat (L.)

Pierre leaves: Understanding the mechanism(s) of action in

infectious diarrhea. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2006;7:665-74.

Prabha T, Dora M, Priyambada S. Evaluation of Pongamia pinnata

root Extract on gastric ulcers and mucosal off ensive and defensive

factors in rats. Indian J Exp Biol 2003;41:304-10.

Punitha R, Manoharan S. Antihyperglycemic and antilipidperoxidative

eff ects of Pongamia pinnata (linn.) Pierre ß owers in alloxan induced

diabetic. J Ethon Pharmacol 2006;105:39-46.

Chopade, et al.: Pongamia pinnata: Phytochemical constituents,traditional uses and pharmacological properties

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v2i2.31


  • There are currently no refbacks.