Bioactive phytoconstituents and plant extracts from genus Heliotropium

Naveen Goyal, Surendra Kr. Sharma

Abstract


Heliotropium is a genus of herbs and rarely shrubs of family Boraginaceae. Heliotropium species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of gout, rheumatism and as antiseptic, febrifuge, cholagogue, anti‑inflammatory and healing agents. The alkaloids mainly pyrrolizidine alkaloids are the main constituents of Heliotropium species, which are responsible for several biological activities viz. anti‑tumoural, anti‑microbial, and anti‑viral effects. Phenolic compounds, terpenoids, and quinones have also been reported in this genus. The present review summarizes the various biological studies done on the extracts and bioactive phytoconstituents from the plants of the genus Heliotropium over the past few decades.
Key words: Biological activities, boraginaceae, heliotropium, phytoconstituents, review

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v8i4.416

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