Phytochemical and pharmacognostical studies of Blumea lacera (Roxb.) DC.

Vijay Kumar Yadav

Abstract


Background: Blumea lacera (Roxb.) DC belongs to the family Asteraceae which is known to have anthelmintic, diuretics, antipyretic, and many other bioactivities. B. lacera has good medicinal value. Aim: The present work aims to perform a comprehensive phytochemical and pharmacognostical study of Blumea lacera (Roxb.) DC. Materials and Methods: The Pharmacognostical studies on Blumea lacera including parameters such as foreign organic matter, morphological evaluation, Total ash value, acid soluble, water-soluble ash values. Foaming index, Thin layer chromatography (TLC), HPTLC, physico‑chemical, analysis and phytochemical studies are established. Result and Conclusion: Foreign organic matter of crude drug was found 0.28% w/w. Total ash values of drug was found to be 16.240 and w/w with respect to air-dried crude drug. Moisture content of crude drug was found to be 4.07 % Foaming index of Blumea lacera was FI 150. HPTLC studies were carried for the better isolation and Identification of the different components of ethanolic extract of Blumea lacera. HPTLC carried out in the solvent system - Toluene: Ethyl acetate: Methanol: Acetic acid (8:1:0.5:0.5). The report of HPTLC indicates the presence of fourteen spots. The results of the study can serve as a valuable resource of pharmacognostic and phytochemical information. Phytochemical characterization of plant extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, steroids, terpenoids and cardiac glycosides, tannins and phenolic compounds.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v12i01.1610

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