Nutritional, therapeutic, and pharmaceutical potential of Hibiscus species

Ravi Kant Upadhyay


The present review article explains nutritional, therapeutic, and pharmaceutical potential of various Hibiscus
species. Hibiscus plant possesses great aesthetic and nutritional values. Hibiscus species bear different color
flowers mainly rose mallow, red, white, yellow, and saffron which secrete nectar and attract insect pollinators.
The plant contains diverse bio-molecules, i.e., phenols, alkaloids, anthocyanins, tannins, quinines, flavonoids,
alkaloids, quercetin, terpenoids, saponins, cardiac glycosides, protein, free amino acids, carbohydrates, reducing
sugar, mucilage, and essential oils. Plant also contains various acids such as citric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid and
allo-hydroxycitric acid lactone, and Hibiscus acid. Its leaves and flowers contain p-coumaric, chlorogenic, and
trans-ferulic acid derivatives as well as quercetin and kaempferol flavonoids which display multiple biological
activities, i.e., anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertension, chemopreventive, antifertility, abortifacient activity, antipregnancy,
antilipidemic and antihyperglycemic, anti-oxidant, antidepressant, antidiabetic, anti-carcinogenic,
and antimicrobial activity. Hibiscus green tea lowers down blood pressure and reduces hypertension. Vegetative
parts and flowers of Gurhal are used for many dietary purposes. This article resolves out presence of unique
phytochemicals found in Gurhal plant which could be used to fight various human aliments and diseases as
alternate medicine.

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