Current addictive drugs: A review

Sarita M. Kapgate


Introduction: Addictive drugs and its abuse are a major health as well as social concern all over the world. Around 40
million people are regularly abusing drugs throughout the world. The problem is matter of concern for India as well.
Most importantly substance abuse is widely getting popular among young generations including medical students.
This article is an endeavor to address current status of addictive drugs. Methods: Scientific literature regarding
addiction were collected from various data bases from Google Scholar, PubMed, Embase, Indexed Research Journals,
and Textbooks using the keywords Addiction, Substance abuse, Addictive, Drug dependency. The collected data
were critically reviewed and results were drawn. Results: The critical review of the data revealed that, nearly ten
different types of addictive drugs are used currently. The majority of users are from adolescent age or students. Even
though both sexes are involved prevalence rate is more in males. Among all the additives alcohol and tobacco are the
most common. The common health issues include tolerance, physical dependence, sensitization, craving, relapse,
depression, intense anxiety, hopelessness, helplessness, and irritability. The statutory control over narcotic drugs was
exercised in India through a number of Central and State enactments like the opium Act, 1857, the Opium Act, 1878
and the Dangerous Drugs Act, 1930. But in spite of all these efforts the drug dependence is a major concern for globe.
Conclusion: Drug abuse and addiction are affecting the quality of life of people around the world and hence awareness
about the health hazards and availability of de-addiction measures for all strata of population is recommended.

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