Nepeta cataria L. A comprehensive review of its phytochemical and pharmacological attributes

Devendra Singh Lodhi


One of the most significant medicinal herbs is catnip Nepeta cataria (NC), which belongs to the mint family Lamiaceae. As a result of its naturalization in many nations across the world, it is known as an invasive species in the United States. It was described as a grass that smelled like orange, and the Greek names for it were Malsoonan and Maletana. Several diseases such as angina, heart illness, and black-bile vapors can all benefit from its cardiotonic properties, which make it a good supplement for all phlegmatic and black-bile-related ailments. In addition, it can help alleviate symptoms of stress, anxiety, and pain. There are many species of catmint, the most common and most researched of which is NC. As the name catmint suggests, cats have a great preference for this species. As a result, it is frequently employed in the pet toy business as a safe cat lure. Nepetalactone is the primary catalyst for this process in cats. Although N. citriodora or lemon catnip, a fragrant plant with a lemony-mint smell, resembles authentic catnip, it does not entice cats to use it. It is also used in the canning of vegetables and fruits. Since NC has a lengthy blooming period, as well as a high pollen and nectar output, it is ideal for beekeeping. NC has antioxidant, hepatoprotective, anti-diabetic, spasmolytic, anti-nociceptive, and anti-inflammatory properties. This plant contains anticancer and sexual activity-influencing characteristics that have been demonstrated in scientific studies. This article talks about the pharmacological properties of NC and also talks about the plant’s phytochemistry and chemical elements.

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