Antioxidant and pharmaceutical potential of Clerodendrum L.: An overview

Pallab Kar, Arvind Kumar Goyal, Abhaya Prasad Das, Arnab Sen


Clerodendrum, with about 580 species, belongs to the family Verbenaceae and is widely distributed in the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. The leaves of some species of Clerodendrum form an important source of diet in North eastern part of India. Various plant parts such as leaf and root extracts of C. indicum, C. phlomidis, C. serratum, C. trichotomum, C. chinense and C. petasites have been used for the treatment of rheumatism, asthma, inflammatory diseases, coughs, skin diseases, vermifuge, febrifuge, malaria etc. Isolation and identification of different chemical compounds and biological activities of the genus Clerodendrum have been studied by few researchers. The major chemical components reported from the genus are phenolics, steroids, flavonoids, terpenes,volatile oils, etc., This paper presents a comprehensive review on the various aspects of Clerodendrum species with respect to their
traditional usage or use as alternative medicine for the treatment of various diseases.
Key words: Antioxidant, Clerodendrum, flavonoids, pharmaceutical, phenolics, steroids, terpenoids

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