Hepatotoxicity and the present herbal hepatoprotective scenario

Priyankar Dey, Manas Ranjan Saha, Arnab Sen

Abstract


Most of the metabolic and physiological processes of our body as well as the detoxification of various drugs and xenobiotic
chemicals occur in the liver. During this detoxification process, the reactive chemical intermediates damage the liver severely. There are several commercially available drugs, consumption of which results in idiosyncratic drug reaction mediated hepatotoxicity. Drug induced hepatotoxicity is a burning problem in this regard and several drugs are withdrawn from the market due to their hepatotoxic nature. Today, worldwide search of non‑hepatotoxic drugs, especially potent hepatoprotective drugs have led towards the screening of numerous herbal products. Pharmaceutical companies and scientific communities have started to consider the therapeutic efficiency of the plant‑based hepatoprotective remedies. Different herbs are mentioned in various ethnopharmacological practices possessing hepatoprotective capacities and around the globe, such herbs are still used by people to cure certain liver diseases. Therefore, we have documented the various aspects of hepatotoxicity and an overview on the current scenario of the hepatoprotective herbal remedies.
Key words: Ayurveda, drug induced hepatotoxicity, ethnopharmacology, hepatoprotective, hepatotoxicity, herbal, idiosyncratic
drug reactions, liver

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v7i4.333

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