Baliospermum montanum (Danti): Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology- A review

Ravindra G. Mali, Raju R. Wadekar


Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Muell-Arg (Euphorbiaceae) is a leafy monoecious undershrub distributed throughout the greater
parts of India, Burma and Malaya. Th e various parts of the plant (leaves, roots, seeds and seed oil) are widely used by various tribal communities and forest dwellers for the treatment of variety of ailments. Th e roots of the plant are ascribed to possess medicinal virtues in Ayurvedic system of medicine and used in preparation of important Ayurvedic formulations. Th e plant is documented to possess benefi cial eff ects as digestive, anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, rubefacient, febrifuge and tonic. It believed to be useful in asthma, bronchitis, leprosy, jaundice, wounds, constipation, anemia, leucoderma and fever. Following various folk claims for cure of numerous
diseases, eff orts have been made by researchers to verify the effi cacy of the plant through scientifi c biological screenings. A scrutiny of literature revealed some notable pharmacological activities of the plant such as anticancer, antimicrobial, free radical scavenging, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, and anthelmintic. Th e present review is an attempt to highlight the various ethnobotanical and traditional uses as well as phytochemical and pharmacological reports on B. montanum.
Key words: Baliospermum montanum, ethnobotanical uses, pharmacognosy, pharmacological activities, phytochemistry,
tissue culture studies.

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